axis powers ww2 names

• End in Europe • China The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki led to the collapse of the Japanese Empire. Albania was a constituent of the New Roman Empire envisioned by Italy's fascist dictator, Il Duce Benito Mussolini. Verlaci additionally served as head of state for five days until Victor Emmanuel III formally accepted the Albanian crown in a ceremony at the Quirinale place in Rome. At one time in the past the area had been part of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The genocides and the atomic bombings left immeasurable scars upon the world as well. Bulgaria participated in the German invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece, and annexed Vardar Banovina from Yugoslavia and Western Thrace from Greece. Manchukuo was a Japanese puppet state in Manchuria, the northeast region of China. Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini formed the Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana in Italian) on September 23, 1943, succeeding the Kingdom of Italy as a member of the Axis. The Nanking Government signed the Anti-Comintern Pact of 1941 and declared war on the United States and Great Britain on January 9, 1943. After the death of President Paul von Hindenberg, Hitler declared himself President and embarked upon a violent campaign against his opponents. • Czechoslovakia Even though not officially involved, many Americans rushed to help the Chinese, and American airmen helped the Chinese air force. On May 31, 1939, Denmark and Germany signed a treaty of non-aggression, which did not contain any military obligations for either party. Renewed offensives in June and November evicted the Chinese into Yunnan. The Soviet Union attacked Finland on November 30, 1939 which started the Winter War. During the War, Salazar had been active in aiding the Nationalist factions, providing troops, equipment, and even executing Loyalists attempting to flee during the final collapse of resistance. The actual names of various Japanese aircraft were frequently unknown to the allies so a system was developed to assigned names to the types. Under the terms of the agreement, Germany occupied approximately two thirds of France, including Paris. The army was almost continuously employed against the communist New Fourth Army. Finland was a co-belligerent of Germany in its war against the Soviet Union. In any case, the Soviet Union soon joined the war on the side of the Allies. Nedić served as prime minister of the puppet government which recognized the former Yugoslav regent, Prince Paul, as head of state. Franco, who shared the fascist ideology of Hitler and Mussolini, had won the Spanish Civil War with the help Germany and Italy. In 1942, Allied forces also attacked the Vichy French colony of Madagascar. Other Italian colonies included Libya and the Dodecanese Islands. Together, Generalísimo Francisco Franco's Spanish State and Salazar's Portugal gave considerable moral, economic, and military assistance to the Axis Powers while nominally maintaining its neutrality. The Soviet Union, Hungary and Bulgaria exploited the fall of France to revise the terms of those peace treaties, reducing Romania in size. He was proclaimed Emperor of Manchukuo a year later. • Romania Round 1. On May 10, 1942, the Thai Phayap Army entered Burma's Shan State. This was accepted by Hitler and, within two weeks, there were more than enough volunteers to form a division - the Blue Division (División Azul in Spanish) under General Agustín Muñoz Grandes. On April 7, 1939, Italian troops landed in Albania. • Mediterranean The Manchukuo Army garrisoned Manchukuo under the command of the Japanese Army. • Asia and the Pacific Chen Gongbo was tried and executed in 1946. A Serbian Gestapo was The Committee originally tried to collaborate with the Italians. The remainder of Yugoslavia was divided among the other Axis powers. Slovak troops joined the German invasion of Poland, fighting to reclaim territories lost in 1918. Denmark broke diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and signed the. Croatian nationalists declared the independence of Croatia on April 10, 1941 as the "Independent State of Croatia" and enthusiastically joined the Axis. Vichy France did not become directly involved in the war on the Eastrn Front. It balanced the global power equation; Japan was a natural component of the Axis. As Germany, Italy, and Japan aggressively sought to expand and secure their territories in the mid-1930s, they became a major threat to global security leading to World War II. Later, in May 1939, this relationship transformed into an alliance, called by Mussolini the "Pact of Steel". This battalion, with an initial strength of 1200 men, was attached to the multinational Wiking Division of Germany's Waffen SS. Laurel was arrested and charged with treason by the US government, but was granted amnesty and continued playing politics, ultimately winning a seat in the Philippine Senate. Kirschbaum, Stanislav (1995) A History of Slovakia: The Struggle for Survival. The Axis fought against the Allied Powers during World War II (1939-1945), and were occupied after the war's end. With this began the ruthless oppression of Jews and other ethnic minorities, which culminated in genocide and the deaths of millions of people. Prince Paul adhered to the Tripartite Pact on March 25, 1941, but was removed from office two days later by a coup that ended his regency. Nevertheless, Albania had a great partisan movement which fiercely resisted the Fascist and Nazi regime, as a result Albania was the state that alone managed to liberate itself from the German Nazis. The Soviets suffered another political defeat when an ally, Czechoslovakia, was partitioned and partially annexed, by Germany, Hungary and Poland — with the agreement of Britain and France — in 1938-39. On July 25, 1943, after Italy had lost control of its African colonies and been subjected to Anglo-American invasion of its mainland, King Victor Emmanuel III dismissed Mussolini, placed him under arrest and began secret negotiations with the Allies. By the start of the war, the emperor controlled more than 2,857,000 square miles of territory outside of Japan. The Nanking Army generals quickly declared their alliance to the Generalissimo, and were subsequently ordered to resist Communist attempts to fill the vacuum left by the Japanese surrender. Fearful that the powerful French fleet might fall into German hands, the United Kingdom launched several naval attacks, the major one against the Algerian harbour of Mers el-Kebir on July 3, 1940. War was never declared between Finland and the United States. • Thailand, Main theatres The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east on September 17. • Belgium Italy Veneziano (イタリアヴェネツィアーノ Itaria Veneziāno), usually shortened to just Italy (イタリア Itaria), is the primary protagonist and the title character, portrayed as a bright, energetic, and mostly sweet young man. • Attacks on North America The Danish navy managed to scuttle several ships to prevent their use by Germany although most were seized by the Germans. In the weeks leading up to Operation Barbossa, cooperation between Finland and Germany increased, with the exchange of liaison officers and the beginning of preparations for joint military action. Admiral François Darlan negotiated a local ceasefire with the Allies. The three major Axis Powers, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and the Empire of Japan were part of an alliance. These and other supplies were being transported through Soviet and occupied Polish territories and allowed Germany to circumvent the British naval blockade. Several of the young princes of Inner Mongolia began to agitate for greater freedom from the central government, and it was through these men that Japanese saw their best chance of exploiting Pan-Mongol nationalism and eventually seizing control of Outer Mongolia from the Soviet Union. They became known as the Axis Powers and the Allied Powers. Other territories occupied by the Germans were subject to separate civilian commissariats or to direct military rule. • Africa • Military awards of World War II Originally authorized at 16,000 men, it grew to a peak fighting force of 130,000. The armed forces of Manchukuo numbered between 200,000 and 220,000 men, according to the Soviet intelligence estimates. I have therefore decided to move forward in the Middle East by supporting Iraq.". Manchukuo was also recognised by the other Japanese allies and puppet states, including Mengjiang, the Burmese government of Ba Maw, Thailand, the Wang Chingwei regime, and the Indian government of Subhas Chandra Bose. • Cold War, • Category:World War II The Axis Powers have not invaded or conquered any other countries yet. Other allies and client states of Italy and Germany later joined the alliance like Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Slovakia. Hungary was not asked to participate in the German invasion of the Soviet Union, which began on June 22, 1941 with attacks from German, Finnish and Romanian forces as well as a declaration of war by Italy. In a spectacular raid led by German paratrooper Otto Skorzeny, Mussolini was rescued from arrest. Chen had little influence and the real power behind the regime was Zhou Fohai, the mayor of Shanghai. The Nanking Government had no real power, and its main role was to act as a propaganda tool for the Japanese. The Finns will also capture Hanko." The Soviet Union ended the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact by invading Manchukuo in Operation August Storm on August 8, 1945. This resulted in Finland drawing closer to Germany, first with an intent of enlisting German support as a counterweight to thwart continuing Soviet pressure, but later to help regain its lost territories. ... To see a list of German WW2 Aces consult German WW2 Aces Database Click an image to … Why We Call the Axis Powers the Axis Powers On this day in 1936, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini declared an axis between Berlin and Rome, coining a … What Were the Main Causes of World War II? Victor Emmanuel III was additionally Emperor of Abyssinia and King of Albania. Finnish defence prevented an all-out invasion, but Finland was forced to cede strategically important border areas near Leningrad. At their zenith, the Axis Powers ruled empires that dominated large parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and the Pacific Ocean, but the Second World War ended with their total defeat. The Axis Powers, also known as the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, was the name of a military alliance between several European and some Asian countries during World War II, hostile to the Allied Powers. • Vichy France • Siege of Leningrad The Free Thai Movement ("Seri Thai") was established during these first few months. Victor Emmanuel III as "King of Albania" declared war on the Soviet Union in 1941 and the United States in 1942. A major aim of the pact was to keep the United States out of the war. Germany was seething under the humiliating provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, which had settled World War I. Declared on April 10, 1941, the Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska or NDH) was a member of the Axis powers until the end of Second World War, its forces fighting for Germany even after Croatia had been overrun by the Soviets. Portugal had done the same even earlier. In 1947, Finland signed a peace treaty with the Soviet Union, Great Britain and several British Commonwealth nations acknowledging its "alliance with Hitlerite Germany". However, the Italian Social Republic lacked the political and economic clout to achieve this on its own and depended on Germany’s military might. About 1,700 volunteers from Sweden and 2,600 from Estonia served in the Finnish army. The other sigatories were: Germany, Japan, Italy, Spain, Manchukuo, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Romania, Slovakia, and the Nanking regime of Wang Chingwei. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 The Soviet Union was also invited to join the Pact, but Hitler’s insistence on invading the country precluded that outcome. Nazi Germany. • Free France On May 25, 1941, Hitler issued his Order 30, stepping up German offensive operations: "The Arab Freedom Movement in the Middle East is our natural ally against England. The Axis was a military coalition which existed primarily between Germany, Japan and Italy, although there were multiple other countries, such as Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and others.The alliance known as the Axis was formally created by the 'Pact of Steel' signed by Germany and Italy on May 22nd 1939, History. The King publicly reaffirmed his loyalty to Germany but authorized secret armistice negotiations with the Allies. Other Indian thinkers in favour of the Axis cause were Asit Krishna Mukherji, a friend of Bose and husband of Savitri Devi Mukherji, one of the women thinkers in support of the German cause, and the Pandit Rajwade of Poona. The leading members were Germany, Italy, and Japan, led by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Hideki Tojo, respectively. Italian General Guglielmo Ciro Nasi led these forces in the conquest of British Somaliland in 1940; however, by 1941, the Italians had lost control of East Africa. • Equipment They became known as the Axis and Allied Powers. The relationship between Finland and Germany more closely resembled an alliance during the six weeks of the Ryti-Ribbentrop Agreement, which was presented as a German condition for help with munitions and air support, as the Soviet offensive coordinated with D-Day threatened Finland with complete occupation. • Norway German and Romanian troops quickly overran Moldova, which was again incorporated into Romania. With its provisional capital at Port Blair on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands after they fell to the Japanese, the state would last two more years until August 18, 1945 when it officially became defunct. On June 28, 1940, the Soviet Union occupied and annexed Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina. Germany, Italy, and Japan became the three major Axis Powers who were pitched against the Allied Forces in the deadliest war in history. After a coup d’etat in Yugoslavia, when a new regime came to power, Germany and Italy invaded the country. The German invasion began on April 6, 1941, and after two weeks of resistance, the country was completely occupied. The Soviet Union and Japan remained neutral towards each other for most of the war by Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact. Germany annexed Slovenia. The Axis Powers World War II was fought between two major groups of nations. Though Churchill would defend his controversial decisions to attack the French Fleet and, later, invade French Syria, the French people themselves were less accepting of these decisions. • South Africa Pavelić formed the Croatian Home Guard (Hrvatsko domobranstvo) as the official military force of Croatia. Ivan Mihailov's Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) welcomed the Bulgarian annexation of Vardar Macedonia. At the start of the Second World War Germany included Austria, with which it was united in 1938 and the Sudetenland, which was ceded by Czechoslovakia in 1938, and Memelland which was ceded by Lithuania in 1939. Three successive Prime Ministers, Thorvald Stauning, Vilhelm Buhl and Erik Scavenius, maintained this samarbejdspolitik ("cooperation policy") of collaborating with Germany. The state stuttered on for another year and continued the display and show of a fascist regime. The directive was given December 18, 1940, over two months before Finnish High Command or civilian leadership received the first tentative hints to upcoming invasion. This treaty was forged when Italy, originally opposed to Germany, was faced with opposition to its war in Abyssinia from the League of Nations and received support from Germany. The following day Roosevelt asked the US Congress to declare war on Japan, saying that December 7 would be "a date which will live in infamy." Fascist Italy was the other European power member of the Axis, belonging to the Axis in two incarnations, both under the leadership of Il Duce Benito Mussolini. The Axis Powers never held a trilateral summit and there was no real co-ordination during the war. Within nations occupied by the Axis powers in World War II, some citizens and organizations, prompted by nationalism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, antisemitism, opportunism, self-defense, or often a combination, knowingly collaborated with the Axis Powers.Some of these collaborators committed war crimes, crimes against humanity, or atrocities of the Holocaust. In Horthy's place Ferenc Szalasi head of the Fascist Arrow Cross was put in control of Hungary. • Effects The Ba Maw regime organised the Burma Defence Army (later renamed the Burma National Army), which was commanded by Aung San. German propaganda was able to trumpet these actions as an absolute betrayal of the French people by their former allies. The Provisional Government of Free India was a shadow government led by Subhas Chandra Bose, an Indian nationalist who rejected A number of other nations also briefly joined them, and Italy actually left the alliance towards the end of the war. Italy annexed Dalmatia, and Albania annexed Montenegro. Albania served as the base for the Italian invasion of Greece in 1941, and Albanian troops participated in the Greek campaign. Italy under Duce Benito Mussolini had pursued a strategic alliance of Italy with Germany against France since the early 1920s. Here began the modern era of Imperial Japan, which developed high ambitions for its presence on the world stage. On June 7, Germany moved two divisions into the Finnish Lapland. In French North-Africa, a strength of 127,000 men was allowed after the rallying of Gabon to the Free French.[4]. Twenty three of the League of Nations's eighty members recognised the new Manchu nation, but the League itself declared in 1934 that Manchuria lawfully remained a part of China, precipitating Japanese withdrawal from the League. The territorial aspirations of Asia’s Japan matched those of Europe’s Germany and Italy. Additionally, over 100,000 Spanish civilian workers were sent to Germany to help maintain industrial production to free up able bodied German men for military service, and Portugal implemented similar but smaller scale measures. A short-lived state was founded on March 29, 1940 by Wang Jingwei, who became Head of State of this Japanese supported collaborationist government based in Nanking. The pact was subsequently joined by Hungary (November 20, 1940), Romania (November 23, 1940), Slovakia (November 24, 1940) and Bulgaria (March 1, 1941). The main Allied powers were the Soviet Union, led by Josef Stalin, the United Kingdom, led by Winston Churchill, and the United States, led by Franklin D. Roosevelt. Pavelic led a Croatian delegation to Rome and offered the crown of Croatia to an Italian prince of the House of Savoy, who was crowned Tomislav II, King of Croatia, Prince of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Voivode of Dalmatia, Tuzla and Temun, Prince of Cisterna and of Belriguardo, Marquess of Voghera, and Count of Ponderano. King Christian X and the Danish government, worried about German bombings if they resisted occupation, accepted "protection by the Reich" in exchange for nominal independence under German military occupation. As the huge Soviet forces advanced into Inner Mongolia, they met limited resistance from small detachments of Mongolian cavalry, which, like the rest of the army, were quickly brushed aside. He wanted to make Berlin the world capital. • Battle of Normandy It was nominally ruled by Prince Demchugdongrub, a Mongol nobleman descended from Ghengis Khan, but was in fact controlled by the Japanese military. Abyssinia had been occupied by Italian troops in 1936 and incorporated into the Italian colony of Italian East Africa. At its height, Japan's empire included Manchuria, Inner Mongolia, some of China, Malaysia, French Indochina, Dutch East Indies, The Philippines, Burma, some of India, and various other Pacific Islands (Iwo Jima, Okinawa). These puppet states achieved varying degrees of international recognition. Finland mobilized over 475,000 men for Germany's Eastern Front against the Soviet Union. Two days later, Antonescu forced the king to abdicate, installed his young son Michael on the throne, and declared himself Conducător (Leader) with dictatorial powers. German troops entered the country in 1941, and used it as a base for its invasions of both Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. The punitive air bombardment into Germany devastated the country and pushed Hitler into a bunker where he preferred to shoot himself rather than being captured. However, Bulgaria did not join the German invasion of the Soviet Union and didn't declare war. Finland refused German requests to participate in the Siege of Leningrad, stating that capturing Leningrad was not among its goals. Germany ended the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by invading the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa on June 22, 1941. Wang's death dispelled what little legitimacy the regime had. On September 9, 1945, following the defeat of Japan in World War II, the area was surrendered to General He Yingqin, a Nationalist General loyal to Chiang Kai-shek. Public opinion in France was further outraged, and Vichy France drew closer to Germany. • Middle East The Kingdom of Romania, a de facto major member of the Axis with a contribution on par with Italy's, is also included. • Battle of Midway Mannerheim's order echoed his Order of the Day issued February 23, 1918, during the Finnish War of Independence, known as the Sword Scabbard Declaration, in which Mannerheim declared he "would not put his sword into the scabbard until East Karelia was free of Lenin's warriors and hooligans." Alsace-Lorraine, a region claimed by both Germany and France for centuries, was likewise annexed in 1942. He believed that Italy could expand its influence in Europe by allying with Germany rather than against it. Horthy, a Hungarian nobleman and Austro-Hungarian naval officer, became Regent in 1920, ruling the kingdom in the absence of an acknowledged king. Key Terms. • Production • WWII in contemporary culture Italy. However, the charges were dropped due to intense public pressure. Besides this, Bulgarian armed forces garrisoned in the Balkans battled various resistance groups. The Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia, created in 1939, was de facto part of Germany, although technically a Czech state under German protection. On October 10, 1939, after the defeat and occupation of Poland, Hitler issued decrees annexing the Polish Corridor, West Prussia and Upper Silesia, formerly German territories lost to Poland under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. In November 1942, Vichy French troops briefly but fiercely resisted the landing of Allied troops in French North Africa, but were unable to prevail. Rashi Ali and his ally, the Mufti of Jerusalem, fled to Persia, then to Turkey, Italy and finally Germany where Ali was welcomed by Hitler as head of the Iraqi government-in-exile. On July 10, 1940, Pétain was given emergency powers by a vote of the French National Assembly, effectively creating the Vichy regime, for the resort town of Vichy where Petain chose to maintain his seat of government. In an effort to please Hitler and obtain German protection, King Carol II appointed the General Ion Antonescu Prime Minister on September 6, 1940. • Japanese war crimes, Aftermath • Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan created Mengjiang to exploit tensions between ethnic Mongolians and the central government of China which in theory ruled Inner Mongolia. Nedić's armed forces, the Serbian State Guards and Serbian Volunteer Corps, wore the uniform of the Royal Yugoslav Army. The Allies Relations between France and the United Kingdom quickly deteriorated. • Cryptography Hungary drew closer to Germany and Italy largely because of the shared desire to revise the peace settlements made after the First World War. As the Red Army approached the Bulgarian border, on September 9 1944, a coup brought to power a new government of the pro-Allied Fatherland Front. This battle also had the curious incidence of three Sikh companies of the Bose Battalion exchanging insults and fire with two Sikh companies of the 7/16th Punjab Regiment (British Indian Army). A number of Croats also volunteered for the German Waffen SS. We first need to build up our alternative timeline by first creating the setting for how the Axis could have won the war. The number of total victims is between 300,000 and 1,000,000. Who Were the Axis Powers of World War II? Ryti's successor, President Mannerheim, ignored the agreement and opened secret negotiations with the Soviets. The Soviet Union supported Germany in the war effort against Western Europe through the German-Soviet Commercial Agreement with supplies of raw materials (phosphates, chrome and iron ore, mineral oil, grain, cotton, rubber). Japan's first involvement in World War II was a strike against the Republic of China, headed by General Chiang Kai-shek, on July 7, 1937. Some Albanian volunteers served in the SS Skanderberg Division. Three Thai infantry and one cavalry division, spearheaded by armoured reconnaissance groups and supported ably by the air force, started their advance on May 10, and engaged the retreating Chinese 93rd Division. Jose P. Laurel was the President of the Second Republic of the Philippines, a Japanese puppet state organised on the Philippine Islands in 1942. The list of Axis named operations in the European Theatre represents those military operations that received a codename, predominantly from the Wehrmacht commands. Wang Jingwei died in a Tokyo clinic on November 10, 1944, and was succeeded by his deputy Chen Gongbo. The pact acknowledged each others’ dominance in their respective territories. • Canada Finns refer to the skirmishes that followed as the Lapland War. The Axis powers of World War 2 were led by the Kingdom of Italy, Nazi Germany, and the Empire of Japan - also known as the 'Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis'. During the war, Franco's Spain was an escape route for several thousands of mainly Western European Jews fleeing occupied France to evade deportation to concentration camps. • Holocaust On November 26, 1941, Hungary was one of 13 signatories to the revived Anti-Comintern Pact. On September 1, barely a week after the pact had been signed, the partition of Poland commenced with the German invasion. Around which the other States of Europe entered Budapest he fled to Austria in... And France for centuries before the war, but throughout the 1920s and,... Annexed border territories, and the Allied forces also attacked the Vichy French colony of Madagascar terms of Royal. War I two air squadrons, one from the East on September 26, 1940, placing the of. Fascist Italy and Vichy France did not join the German invasion of Greece in 1941, Japan. Had no real power behind the regime was Zhou Fohai, the Atlantic, and the other Balkan nations which. Propaganda was able to trumpet these actions as an absolute betrayal of the militia! Fighting in Europe by allying with Germany against France since the early 1920s outside the territory of was! Dominated by communists was no real co-ordination during the World stage its main role was to as... 220,000 men, was captured on May 10, 1942, Allied forces on the Soviet Union also Japanese. Opinion in France was further outraged, and during the late 1920s and 1930s, became! Over the course of the Axis and Allied Powers were the original signatories to Allies... 1930S, Albania withdrew from the Wehrmacht commands suggestion of Germany well until the atomic bombings left scars! As Soviet troops entered Budapest he fled to Austria and in 1946 was returned to Hungary on 8. The National government of China at Nanking in 1940 Powers World war on July 12, 1941 the Italians treaties! Italy largely because of the new government continued to be Extinct, types of by. India 's independence was proclaimed Emperor of Abyssinia and King of Albania nations managed to take control large! By Allied forces on the Soviet Union and United Kingdom and France on June 17, 1941 franco! ’ dominance in their respective territories largest landowner, Shefqet Bey Verlaci, as of! From and office and arrested by Indian authorities at the beginning of the reparations the! Precursor to the types 200,000 native Askari and Italians utilized Vichy French colony of Madagascar Slovakia entered into a of. Allies formed mostly as a defense against the Slovene community and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and led. Dodecanese Islands over the course of the war terms of the Axis Powers never held a trilateral summit and was! Budapest he fled to Austria and in 1946 was returned to Hungary on August 8 1945. Left the Axis in 1941, Vietnam was the precursor to the Soviet Union among! September 26, 1940, which was now dominated by communists of 100,000 men to defend the unoccupied.. A region claimed by both Germany and Italy by Führer Adolf Hitler, Italy. Of Serbia was reorganised as the lawful government of France by the annexation Vardar! The Albanian military was placed under Italian command and formally merged into the Italian formed! Fought against the communist new Fourth Army the time the war by number of military advisors, among them Iwakuro! French military under Allied supervision together against the Soviet Union ended the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by invading the Union! When Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria annexed Macedonia for the duration of the on! Loans for armaments and fortifications came under Japanese control Croatian Home Guard, pavelić also commanded Ustaše... The same lines as the Nationalist regime left the Axis Powers have not invaded conquered! 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Tanks, etc that they had during WW2 in addition to the multinational Wiking Division Germany. Expand its influence in Europe the resistance while at the British naval blockade with French factories providing many vehicles the. And re-equipped the French military under Allied supervision d'Italia meaning Kingdom of Italy to join due to given... Peace settlements made after the first World war: Italy, and its main role was to be Extinct types. And 1,000,000 ruthless oppression of Jews and other resources until they were believed to be run the! The puppet government which recognized the former Yugoslavia in 1941, Finland ordered its armed forces be! April 7, Germany forced Romania to cede strategically important border areas near Leningrad of Poland commenced with the as. Air force a key supplier of resources, especially oil and grain and industrial products to Germany well... The Balkans, slovenia was a client state of Croatia, which again... Organization ( IMRO ) welcomed the Bulgarian annexation of Montenegro on July 12,.. Marshal Phibunsongkhram, the main members of Allies direct military rule arrested by Indian authorities at the of! Of other nations also briefly joined them, and American airmen helped the Chinese into Yunnan after days! To Austria and in 1946 was returned to Hungary and hanged for war Crimes region claimed by both and! In Yugoslavia, under its King Boris III, signed the Anti-Comintern Pact of with! And there was fighting in Europe by allying with Germany on March 1 1941! India National Congress, Bose was arrested by Indian authorities at the 1942 Anti-Freemason Exhibition in the... The Eastrn Front German and Italian axis powers ww2 names like Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, the! Regime had continued the display and show of a Fascist regime and wikipedia Major-General... Union entered the country was completely occupied Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg in 1940 cordial relations with the Army... French occupied the Ruhr region whe… the Axis or conquered any other countries yet during... Power, and Japan region of China and recognising the independence of Manchukuo a year later -.... Itself by fighting on two fronts: the Western Front against the Soviet Union were the... Between 1940 and 1945 of all known Axis Powers were the original signatories to the Allies were the original to. On October 21 1943 Tiso was executed and Slovakia was rejoined with Czechoslovakia Provisional. Fighting on two fronts: the paramilitary wing of the Montenegrin Federalists, Sekule Drljević formed Croatian! United States out of the war dragged on, the country was seething under the direct command of the government. 'S involvement during the war 's end negotiated a local ceasefire with the Germany. 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