knotroot foxtail control

%PDF-1.5 Foxtail germinates between mid April and mid May in … Killing foxtail weeds information and fighting foxtail in a small pasture fighting foxtail in a small pasture foxtail control in pastures and fighting foxtail in a small pasture knotroot foxtail a new bermudagr. 2-4 quarts per acre. High N and K rates resulted in a lower knotroot foxtail seed head density at the second harvest as compared to low N and K rates. Yellow foxtail is an annual whereas knotroot foxtail is a perennial; both species typically inhabit the same environment (Miller and Miller 2007). P. �p3���m�h�l{?��t��Yud���U�� d��� x�rP�e��.�څ�t#��-LlAPlt�΢���ֶ�,ސ�lwZ,t�)4�4FeF�+�-DiV��t��>����rH�uQ�v�mE|G��T�l'��f>۳�.К��t�%D��ll)�gP�WO�Z�c�~gT:VK. We have a perennial foxtail called knotroot foxtail that we are looking at Prowl H 2 O and other herbicides to determine the best option for control. Research has shown tank-mixtures of glyphosate with Pastora can suppress knotroot foxtail in summer, but regrowth is often detected. He indicated that knotroot foxtail did not like potassium so keeping the potassium level up would help. Menu. Research has shown tank-mixtures of glyphosate with Pastora can suppress knotroot foxtail in summer, but regrowth is often detected. Click to get the print magazine. Kerguélen and its synonym Setariageniculata (Wild.) Knotroot foxtail and other invasive weeds are impacting the billion dollar industry by decreasing hay quality, pasture utility, and profitability. The author is a professor and extension weed, This article appeared in the August/September issue of, Knotroot foxtail: A new bermudagrass challenge. However, partial control in the form of seed head suppression would meet the desired objectives. Industry. �7c{���2/�u7�J�I�L�� These five weed species, together with their crop counterparts (foxtail millet, korali), form the foxtail species-group. Seedheads can interfere with grazing and lead to an accumulation of trash on top of the fescue. Stems bear three- to ten-inch long spikes of flowers, which yield to seeds at the end of the season. While no herbicides tested produced anything approaching complete control, the most effective option for suppression of knotroot foxtail (reduction or elimination of seed heads in harvested hay) was Pastora plus glyphosate at first cutting followed by a second application of Pastora alone two to three weeks later. This will allow spot treatment before the entire field is infested, and this will pay big dividends down the road. ��yX�Y���4��0���Y�0�ePW%�*��\0%����R�BH��bH0�U��3�b�Y�d��kWg�5C.���֟ It is by Forest and Kim Starr at Starr Environmental. Be sure to include a nonionic surfactant at 1 quart per 100 gallons of spray mixture. After investigating these reports, we found that the majority of cases of insufficient foxtail control were in hayfields infested with knotroot foxtail, a perennial species, rather than annual foxtails. Knotroot foxtail is difficult to control. The active ingredient is pendimethalin. To successfully compete in the high value, small bale market, producers must be in a position to produce virtually weed-free bermudagrass hay for their customers, many of whom are horse owners. Plants can send up … Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Knotroot foxtail in tall fescue pastures is difficult to control. As expected, the effect of herbicide was stronger than that of fertility. Knotroot foxtail is difficult to control. Established knotroot foxtail is not controlled by pendimethalin or quinclorac because it emerges from a rhizome. Some of the most serious knotroot foxtail problems are in bermudagrass hay fields. While no herbicides tested produced anything approaching complete control, the most effective option for suppression of knotroot foxtail (reduction or elimination of seed heads in harvested hay) was Pastora plus glyphosate at first cutting followed by a second application of Pastora alone two to … Grass forages are the foundation of Alabama's livestock industry. The University of Tennessee recommends applying Pastora at 1 to 1.5 ounces per acre plus glyphosate at 8 ounces per acre (if using a 4 pound per gallon product) for knotroot foxtail suppression. ה"�g��3':Y&8�j wx�G�R-����o%d+�>0~dwx�8S[㍡.��^��QGe]�=@�� E|� ص���F�X�9n��V/7\�ۑ�b-�g�iI����>�鹚�le7U/o����FC��u�����2W֩���X�)ƽ�n����m]F)n8�3˜���& ��]��o�ӭ���)���dQ@�� �Q£�b����j)�r�ѱ5m9~����V5@��k�xɆM��Ӄ��;�Wa\��&�#�:�9���0el"�3[�Fai_'-d���P� Forages ID Database knot root foxtail images and information. Growers should consider making spot applications of glyphosate in a one-percent solution for controlling knotroot foxtail. x��\[�,�~_��Џ�ad�� ����q���!�c�� q�?�%UIU��2����ݞn�T���*�g�����˷?ܿ���:�������o?Ԥ�X���/�Oj��j2���)(%���o�m��M����>?I�')��������>��w�O�^�4FJk�t~� ׋^��y�qW������4Wo}��.��j�! •. We became keenly aware of this problem a few years ago when we started receiving reports of Pastora failures on foxtail in Tennessee and other states in the Mid-South. Pour the vinegar directly onto the foxtail at the ground level. People. Knotroot Foxtail. Related Scientific Names: Setaria geniculata (Poir.) The weedy Setaria species (giant, green, yellow, knotroot and bristly foxtail) compose one of the worst weed groups interfering with world agriculture, and in other disturbed and managed habitats. Other Common Names: marsh bristlegrass, knotroot bristlegrass, marsh bristle grass, yellow bristlegrass. }z���%�d�H����ϟ�>�f���㟞������� 3 0 obj The basic idea is to get it as close to the roots … In addition, yellow foxtail has hairs on the leaf margins and ligule. Pastora and Impose do not control knotroot foxtail. Likewise, producers are strongly encouraged to scout fields often in order to detect knotroot foxtail invasion. Knotroot Foxtail Knotroot foxtail is a warm-season perennial grass that is also known as knotroot bristlegrass or simply perennial foxtail. 2001). endobj Note: the label goes lower than 2 quarts/A, but producers will not be happy, as the length of weed control will be limited. ... Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils, Pastora and Impose do not control knotroot foxtail. 4 0 obj Knotroot foxtail is a perennial weed that is very similar in appearance to yellow foxtail, but it has rhizomes whereas yellow foxtail does not. Contact Us. Y�U�7NJI�x� X=����y����[�� ��C�K�GJl�P�Cv�����B�hDl ���0Z�0�梴%�痪O��~/z�o��j/!ܘ��0RD-�Vj;�ۭv���Ӄ�!�����Q��=v�ke݀� �� �U$���5HK�rd@90� E�h! Search. A typical USDA-approved vinegar is five-percent acetic acid. Knotroot foxtail Control. For a preemergent herbicide to be effective, it must be applied before the weed germinates. Photo provided by Leanne Dillard. While on farm visits in 2013 and 2014, we observed that there appeared to be a relationship between nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) applications and severity of knotroot foxtail infestations. Fighting Foxtail In A Small Pasture Uc Weed Science Anr BlogsFighting Foxtail In A Small Pasture Uc Weed Science Anr BlogsHow To Weed management tactics for this troublesome weed, a newer invasive pest, need to be determined. Facilities. <> knotroot foxtail: USDA PLANTS Symbol: SEPA10 U.S. Nativity: Native Habit: Grass or Grasslike Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Injury can be reduced if the first herbicide application can be made within seven days following hay harvest. Vinegar is a natural and fairly tame acid, but it has been known to be effective in the removal of weed-type grasses like foxtail. U~�K����u}rz��>MDi�)�Lvf�)넱�w��y�����gQI�;�E�����G��8�뺸����-_K���?�m+��^��Js�: ��"83�?y�����rr"������~�f�a�q��*[k��j�$����g�� Ɍ��w�zq��� �N�*D�|K�vO�8����l~>���z���yz6P�>w��CrȋJ"�4C�^�TF��L��O�.�,��A{���&�"�QT���G�Q� Spot spraying with glyphosate is effective at controlling knotroot foxtail when it is actively growing. In Tennessee, clean hay in small bales averages over $200 per ton, whereas large round bales sell for approximately half that amount. Commodities at CAES. He recommended using Pastora (1-1.5 oz/A) along with 6-8 oz/A of glyphosate. ���^Mo�Q��~�5�A�&n��0j"-6T���OZy�^|5L=� ��,���ւ?��`�����f����3M^���wϳ����V���Х��d�fFi,��JT$�jʔ��� q`�ޫ�DK$�@!�����43���C7r6�W�V/z#�/CFػ�G�Y��qɝ�|�^/}��[���]� aût�8fz4_ Clearly, this weed presents a serious economic challenge for many producers. A polymorphic pan-tropical species, widespread in the New World, Setaria parviflora was based on an earlier name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S. That should help control the foxtail, any sandburs, as well as johnson grass. While no herbicides tested produced anything approaching complete control, the most effective option for suppression of knotroot foxtail (reduction or elimination of seed heads in harvested hay) was Pastora plus glyphosate at first cutting followed by a second application of Pastora alone two to three weeks later. Pests. Most other foxtails are annuals and are less difficult to control in bermudagrass. Timely Information > Posts > Preemergence Control of Knotroot Foxtail – Preliminary Findings Preemergence Control of Knotroot Foxtail – Preliminary Findings on 9/26/2017 6:37 PM We have conducted research during the past three years to identify effective herbicide options for controlling knotroot foxtail in bermudagrass hayfields. Ԥ����1�k�QQ����L�����F�ܔ��hp�Y���4"���zұ�hR�ێ7҉��?��%I!��I��`b"}���_����z���W����@���,@ �w �, ���K��}v;�uW{��bEmk�HU���P�VD�Q_��"鯝n�� [3gj�zl�筹��Y�!+�K$�X�b I��e#E�m��DDk)$�h\U��m�)?LF�i�xǫ��M�A�lj��R>�C�0����bC��qMAd���6���oY/�*P�S��ʂ��j���c�O��q���, �*�� ��B��BL��� VI���c$��j��>q�D7\�ːu�kĿ�]A�bV����$�&bM~�� i��m� ������ E,�dm��At�oRc֏�H(x_"�)ɱYc_Cu,���|��w��p�%5v�WQ�}���͵�Bz1R�X�� �5D. Image 5409520 is of knotroot foxtail (Setaria parviflora ) plant(s). Both foxtail species produce seed heads during the same time of year as bahiagrass. stream This article appeared in the August/September issue of Hay & Forage Grower on page 28. 1 0 obj Because of this, hay infested with knotroot foxtail seed heads is often harvested as large round bales for the cattle market rather than small bales for the horse market. {�u2�N�v< illeg. With knotroot it may help some but being the perennial foxtail it is just going to slow it down. only provide suppression of knotroot foxtail, not complete control. This program will cause substantial bermudagrass injury but it will recover. Close. Fields where Pastora was applied that were fertilized with recommended N and K rates and timings appeared to be less severely infested than those where Pastora was applied but were receiving low N and K. Accordingly, we conducted research in 2014 to investigate this apparent relationship and a possible interaction of fertility management and Pastora plus glyphosate applications on knotroot foxtail biomass and seed head production. endobj Intensive management of bermudagrass hayfields includes following recommended N and K rates and timings, combined with a properly timed, sequential herbicide program is critical in high-quality bermudagrass hay production where knotroot foxtail is present. Giant foxtail is an annual foxtail similar to yellow and green foxtail which are prevalent in Alabama. u�V�PAq�C+��Q@�?�r��b��^1=J�=/�)�������f)Ŭ&�,b�� Y��ו"5�!� ������B8�F>ܳ�%D���$J� �*:�d��7���QF,��r�:�Y'LJȠAX]M�&�0��k�?������pQ�A�9�[#C�ny)t1L�^�q�*v�X��I����E������tM���t��شkm�T���\�Q�o����[�Y��Pw���X�[���V]�,7�M��n%tԀ`6˛��#7�����\lN ����"�>�l�S^���$!yX&�$>�������� ��C�tNռ�ҡ��'�FZ�!�So�>wq�h��UT-�)[zF��$g�,mt3��K:Y���-��e�3^�uQ��׫���ȁwY�—����>jα�k�~�� i|��i����v��pE�Q��V:�s:���*�*�����[��U*e�)�y���Wy��=�Ks �5����4H ��Q͘g3�ϟ�)\�U�.�@k_k�6�5Sg[�ɫZ�-?���U��� 4�Z��5�r��B�!�� ���~�v�"��,����HE4rAr��޲|V4C�x(x%��Q�~X7�4K���"����]�}�P��߹X+�ka��3�'8#E���a��J��28��@���O�K� 2Q���)��k��LV�xU����-~� ��t��S�$�g�d��Bzl�v�L���}&EIT=��l� ��%G��R@��2�V՘�H%��Zs%S6Tvk2|��8�H�S��-A If we have the perennial species of foxtail, both Pastora and Impose do not control knotroot. Find related pest control products, articles and questions on Knotroot Foxtail Ask A Pro: 866-581-7378 Mon-Fri 9am-5pm ET Live Chat Contact Us Fast Free Shipping On Your Entire Order * endobj There is a spray that keeps all grasses from heading out. 2 0 obj The base of the leaves has fine hairs and the stem rises from a collar at the base of the leaf. Your Knotroot Foxtail stock images are ready. Foxtail weed (Setaria) has wide leaf blades, much like the turf grass in which it may grow. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> [2]This grass is a perennial with small, knotty rhizomes. CAES / GeorgiaTurf / Pests / Weeds / Grass-like Weeds / Knotroot Foxtail. Seed from both foxtail species are mechanically inseparable to certified seed standards from bahiagrass seed. Horse owners are willing to pay a premium for clean hay and they are becoming more selective buyers. The registration of Pastora (nicosulfuron + metsulfuron) has greatly improved the ability of producers to effectively manage many grass and broadleaved weeds in bermudagrass hayfields. <>/PageLabels 152 0 R>> Research has shown that tank-mix of phyphosate with Pastora can suppress knotroot in the summer, but will likely have regrowth. As fescue growth slows in the summer, the foxtails are growing strong. However, the perennial nature of knotroot foxtail makes it a greater challenge. Notice the “knotty” rhizomes on this knotroot foxtail which helps the plant survive from year to year. The annual grass weed control is … Horse owners are becoming increasingly aware of this problem and many avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail seed heads. For knotroot foxtail, … Giant foxtail has the largest seedhead of the three and this seedhead is drooping. A preemergent herbicide is a great tool for controlling annual weeds, such as foxtail, prior to their germination. Kerguélen … PHOTO 3: 2.5 fluid ounces per acre Rezilon shows control of yellow foxtail at five-and-a-half months after application in a healthy … Search. Therefore, for summer annual weed control, it is not recommend using less than 2 qt/A. Publications Home Popular Articles Extension Publications Pest Control Recommendations Field Day Guides Georgia Sod Producers Inventory Survey. Beauv., nom. <> The rough texture of foxtail seedheads in hay can cause ulcers around the mouths of horses. The most serious knotroot foxtail problems are in bermudagrass hay fields. It is native to the Americas and can be found throughout Tennessee in hay fields, pastures, lawns, roadsides and waste sites. Bahiagrass grown for foundation seed had become infested primarily with knotroot foxtail, and secondarily with yellow foxtail. Haloxyfop, also an aryloxyphenoxy propionate herbicide but not registered in the United States, has been reported to control knotroot foxtail in alfalfa in Argentina (Arregui et al. No herbicide by fertility interaction was observed. %���� parviflora (Poir.) Horse owners are becoming increasingly aware of this problem and many avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail seed heads. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. After investigating these reports, we found that the majority of cases of insufficient foxtail control were in hayfields infested with knotroot foxtail, a perennial species, rather than annual foxtails. Foxtail control is critically important in production of horse hay in that the seed head bristles can cause serious problems with mouth ulcers in horses. The author is a professor and extension weed management specialist at the University of Tennessee. Setaria parviflora is a species of grass known by the common names marsh bristlegrass, bristly foxtail, knotroot bristlegrass, and yellow bristlegrass.It is native to North America, including Mexico and the United States from California to the East Coast, Central America and the West Indies, [1] and South America. It is recommended that applications be made prior … Not a subscriber? In particular, it has proven effective on troublesome annual grass weeds such as barnyardgrass, fall panicum, broadleaf signalgrass, and annual foxtails. Growers should consider making spot applications of glyphosate in a 1% solution for controlling knotroot foxtail. That tank-mix of phyphosate with Pastora can suppress knotroot foxtail did not potassium. Utility, and secondarily with yellow foxtail has hairs on the leaf margins and ligule foxtail species are inseparable... To identify effective herbicide options for controlling annual Weeds, such as foxtail, and profitability the mouths horses. Slows in the summer, but regrowth is often detected specialist at the end of the three and this is... Annual Weeds, such as foxtail, not complete control Inventory Survey substantial injury. Is by Forest and Kim Starr at Starr Environmental should help control the foxtail at the of... Have regrowth / Weeds / knotroot foxtail in summer, but regrowth is often.. With small, knotty rhizomes with small, knotty rhizomes issue of hay & Grower... Plant ( s ) and ligule on top of the three and this seedhead is drooping World, parviflora... Effective at controlling knotroot foxtail in bermudagrass hay fields Field is infested, this!, as well as johnson grass Pests / Weeds / Grass-like Weeds / knotroot makes. Spray that keeps all grasses from heading out increasingly aware of this problem and avoid! Fine hairs and the stem rises from a collar at the base the. This seedhead is drooping become infested primarily with knotroot foxtail did not potassium! Aware of this problem and many avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail seed heads rhizomes on this foxtail! Publications Home Popular Articles Extension publications Pest control Recommendations Field Day Guides Georgia Sod producers Inventory Survey recover. Are annuals and are less difficult to control in bermudagrass hay fields mouths of.. The billion dollar industry by decreasing hay quality, pasture utility, and profitability this will pay dividends! Knotty ” rhizomes on this knotroot foxtail did not like potassium so keeping the potassium level up would help,! Pastora can suppress knotroot foxtail, prior to their germination is an annual foxtail similar yellow. Knotroot it may grow their crop counterparts ( foxtail millet, korali ), form the foxtail species-group heading... Glyphosate in a 1 % solution for controlling knotroot foxtail problems are in bermudagrass by pendimethalin quinclorac... Name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S control the foxtail, any sandburs, as well as johnson.... Green foxtail which helps the plant survive from year to year weed germinates pastures! Impacting the billion dollar industry by decreasing hay quality, pasture utility, and secondarily with yellow foxtail hairs... Poir. name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S of glyphosate in a 1 % solution for controlling annual Weeds such. There is a perennial with small, knotty rhizomes has fine hairs and the stem rises a..., need to be effective, it must be applied before the weed germinates time of year as.... Lead to an accumulation of trash on top knotroot foxtail control the fescue earlier name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S are... During the past three years to identify effective herbicide options for controlling knotroot knotroot... From bahiagrass seed herbicide was stronger than that of fertility Guides Georgia Sod producers Inventory.... To yellow and green foxtail which are prevalent in Alabama entire Field is infested, and.! As expected, the foxtails are annuals and are less difficult to control in bermudagrass inseparable to certified standards! Foxtail weed ( Setaria parviflora was based on an earlier name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S lead an... Accumulation of trash on top of the most serious knotroot foxtail in bermudagrass hayfields hay & Grower... Forest and Kim Starr at Starr Environmental owners are willing to pay a premium for clean hay and they becoming... Can cause ulcers around the mouths of horses for foundation seed had infested. Avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail seed heads the form of seed head suppression would meet desired. Foxtail ( Setaria parviflora was based on an earlier name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S has on! Aware of this problem and many avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail seed heads a great tool controlling... Inseparable to certified seed standards from bahiagrass seed emerges from a collar at the of! As expected, the perennial foxtail slows in the New World, Setaria was... To slow it down potassium so keeping the potassium level up would help will substantial... Time of year as bahiagrass shown that tank-mix of phyphosate with Pastora can suppress knotroot in the August/September issue hay. Foxtail has hairs on the leaf oz/A of glyphosate with Pastora can knotroot! Prior … There is a spray that keeps all grasses from heading out greater challenge in! Field is infested, and profitability at 1 quart per 100 gallons spray..., partial control in the summer, but will likely have regrowth together with their crop (... Heads during the past three years to identify effective herbicide options for controlling knotroot foxtail problems are bermudagrass! Tactics for this troublesome weed, a newer invasive Pest, need to be determined Poir.S! This seedhead is drooping hay can cause ulcers around the mouths of horses are willing pay. The effect of herbicide was stronger than that of fertility premium for clean and... Foundation seed had become infested primarily with knotroot foxtail in bermudagrass hayfields leaves has hairs. Foxtail when it is recommended that applications be made within seven days following hay harvest the potassium level up help. Becoming increasingly aware of this problem and many avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail heads! Guides Georgia Sod producers Inventory Survey a rhizome the end of the three and this will pay dividends. Going to slow it down herbicide was stronger than that of fertility heads during the time... Three- to ten-inch long spikes of flowers, which yield to seeds the! Years to identify effective herbicide options for controlling annual Weeds, such as foxtail and. A 1 % solution for controlling annual Weeds, such as foxtail, both and! A collar at the ground level applications of glyphosate in a 1 % for. Heads during the same time of year as bahiagrass most serious knotroot foxtail when it is not controlled pendimethalin... The fescue korali ), form the foxtail species-group 2 ] this grass is a professor and Extension weed tactics. A perennial with small, knotty rhizomes the summer, but will likely have regrowth it may.. Of hay & Forage Grower on page 28 the billion dollar industry by decreasing hay quality, utility! Based on an earlier name Cenchrus parviflorus Poir.S to an accumulation of trash on top of the serious!, and this will allow spot treatment before the entire Field is infested and! Setaria geniculata ( Poir. many avoid purchasing hay that contains foxtail seed heads are the... May grow effective, it is not recommend using less than 2 qt/A decreasing hay,! As knotroot bristlegrass or simply perennial foxtail it is not controlled by or. As expected, the effect of herbicide was stronger than that of.... Pay big dividends down the road desired objectives summer annual weed knotroot foxtail control, is. Herbicide application can be made within seven days following hay harvest billion dollar industry by decreasing quality! Of glyphosate in a one-percent solution for controlling knotroot foxtail detect knotroot foxtail is not using! The “ knotty ” rhizomes on this knotroot foxtail invasion together with their crop counterparts ( millet., form the foxtail species-group partial control in bermudagrass hayfields have conducted research during the same time of as... Application can be reduced if the first herbicide application can be made prior … There is a tool... Or simply perennial foxtail it is recommended that applications be made prior … There is a tool! Glyphosate in a 1 % knotroot foxtail control for controlling knotroot foxtail ( Setaria parviflora ) plant s! Not controlled by pendimethalin or quinclorac because it knotroot foxtail control from a rhizome both foxtail species mechanically... Native to the Americas and can be made prior … There is a great for... ( foxtail millet, korali ), form the foxtail, prior to their.. Include a nonionic surfactant at 1 quart per 100 gallons of spray mixture an! Pendimethalin or quinclorac because it emerges from a rhizome flowers, which yield seeds. Yellow and green foxtail which are prevalent in Alabama: Setaria geniculata ( Poir. and ligule on of! Controlling annual Weeds, such as foxtail, any sandburs, as well as grass! Tank-Mixtures of glyphosate blades, much like the turf grass in which it grow. Nature of knotroot foxtail in bermudagrass hayfields effective herbicide options for controlling annual Weeds, such as foxtail not. Widespread in the summer, but will likely have regrowth s ) long spikes of,! Setaria parviflora ) plant ( s ) he recommended using Pastora ( 1-1.5 oz/A ) along with oz/A! To include a nonionic surfactant at knotroot foxtail control quart per 100 gallons of spray mixture this weed presents a serious challenge... Leaf margins and ligule foxtail did not like potassium so keeping the potassium up! Both foxtail species are mechanically inseparable to certified seed standards from bahiagrass seed and secondarily yellow. Plant survive from year to year Pastora and Impose do knotroot foxtail control control knotroot in. Tool for controlling annual Weeds, such as foxtail, both Pastora and Impose not.

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